Shuji Nakamura was one of three who shared the Nobel in Physics this week.
Prof. Nakamura, who now teaches at UCSB, was also the plaintiff under Article 35 of the Japanese Patent Act against his former employer Nichia. Article 35 provides a right to reasonable compensation for inventors. The court of original jurisdiction awarded almost $200 million to Prof. Nakamura before the case settled while an appeal was pending for $8 million. See the excellent summary here.